Polycystic ovary syndrome and 5 ways to manage it
Your reproductive function, as well as almost all processes in the body, is regulated by hormones.
If balance in these chemicals becomes disturbed, your ovaries may fail to release eggs, denying you ability to conceive.
Did you actually know that woman’s body normally produces low levels of male hormones?
Sometimes synthesis of androgens increases excessively, leading to developing multiple fluid-filled sacs (cysts) in the ovaries. This condition is known as polycystic ovary syndrome.
Extra androgens disrupt normal menstrual cycle, reduce ovulation and decrease levels of female sex hormones.
As a result, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) suffer from irregular periods, excessive hair growth on the face, belly and chest, acne, weight gain and male-pattern baldness.
Nobody knows exactly, what is the main cause of this disorder. Heredity may play a great role in PCOS occurrence.
The close link was found between this condition and insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone, generated by the pancreas, in order to use sugar from foods as energy fuel. If your body cells become insensitive to it, glucose stays circulating in the blood flow and can’t enter the cells. Pancreas tries to overcome this resistance, producing more and more insulin. Too high insulin levels may boost androgen production, resulting in PCOS.
Some scientists say that low-grade inflammation in the body stimulates ovaries to produce more of male hormones.
Statistics shows that approximately 70% of women, who live with PCOS, don’t even know that their hormonal balance is disturbed.
Lack of ovulation in those, who suffer from this disorder, makes it difficult to conceive and carry full-term pregnancy. In addition to this, extra androgens may really increase your risks of sleep apnea, depression, endometrial cancer and diabetes.
That’s why it is extremely important to restore hormonal balance as soon as possible. Here are ways to do this effectively:
#1. Shed pounds – being overweight can make your body cells resistant to produced insulin. Studies found that losing at least 5-10% of your body weight may improve your hormonal levels and relieve PCOS symptoms.
#2. Be active – regular exercises can help you maintain optimal body weight and get rid of insulin resistance. Specialists say that performing at least 150 minutes of moderate exercises is a perfect option for those with heart disease, diabetes and polycystic ovary syndrome.
#3. Go easy on carbs – taking a lot of carbohydrates may raise your insulin levels. It’s especially true for refined carbs, like white bread and sugar-sweetened desserts. Add more high-fiber veggies, omega-3-full nuts and protein-rich beans to keep your insulin stable. Certain foods, such as tomatoes, oily fish, kale and spinach are thought to struggle against inflammation and bring benefits for PCOS sufferers too.
#4. Birth control pills – your doctor may recommend you hormone-contained oral contraceptives to regulate your menstrual cycle and decrease risks of endometrial cancer.
#5. Anti-androgens – flutamide, spironolactone and cyproterone are medicines that can block androgen receptors, making it impossible for excessive male hormones to bind to them.